FDP101x Course Journal

This is the Course Journal for the FDP “Foundation Program in ICT for Education” – Ravivarman S

The PDF version of this course journal  (upto 3 weeks) can be downloaded from this link –>  FDP101x Course Journal _ Ravivarman S.

1. Week 1 Moving from Physical to Online Classrooms
2. Week 2 Web Presence for Teachers
3. Week 3 Creating Your Own Video Resources
4. Week 4
5. Week 5

Week 1: Moving from Physical to Online Classrooms

LeD 1.1: From Physical Classrooms to Online Classrooms

In a physical classroom, there are three basic elements – the learner, the content and the teacher. Teacher –Learner interaction: Teacher teaches students with the aid of chalk and board, OHPs and powerpoint presentations and clears the doubts of student’s physically. Teacher-Content interaction: Teacher is interacting with the content, which was prepared by him from various sources available like textbooks, articles, videos, etc.
Learner-learner interaction: Once the teacher had completed the presentation, the students can interact with themselves. Learner-content interaction: Learner can study with the help of textbooks, ppt slides prepared by others and available in the internet, etc

Reflection Question: Can you list one example of the interactions that happened between these three elements (learner, the content and the teacher) in a normal classroom?
My Answer: In a physical classroom, the teacher is free to move the learners around, grouping them in different ways and laying out the class in a way that will make the activities run smoothly (not all the time).

LeD 1.2: Learning Dialogues (LeD)

LeD (Learning Dialogues) is the interaction between the facilitator and the learner through the video interaction. Reflection Spot in the video makes the learner in dynamic and active mode instead of passive.

Reflection Question: What is the equivalent of such a video in a regular teaching-learning interaction within your classroom?
My Answer: Teacher and the learner are having eye-to-eye contacts and the teacher can deliver the lecture and he/she can see the participation of the students immediately, so that he/she can deliver the lecture according to that.

Reflection Question: What additional features does the video provide you apart from the regular information transmission of the content?
My Answer: There is no restriction in time for viewing the video by the learners. They can view at any time and they can view any number of times. But this is not possible in physical classroom.

LeD 1.3: Learning by Doing Activities (LbD)

LbD (Learning By Doing ) is the practice of the contents delivered in the Learning Dialogues (LeD). So LbDs can be used to check whether the learner understands the topic clearly or not.

Reflection Question: What advantage do you see in answering the questions immediately after watching LeDs?
My Answer: He can check whether the learner learned  and understands all the topics clearly. Its like formative assessment.

LeD 1.4: Learning exTension resources (LxT)

LxT (Learning eXTension Resources ) is the concept of extending the learning by using external and extended resources that are available in books, articles, videos, papers, etc.

Reflection Question: What is the the function of an Assimilation Quiz?
My Answer: To test whether the topic is fully understood by the learner.

LeD 1.5: Learning experience Interactions (LxI)

It consist of a focused discussion having specific instructions on what and how to discuss, followed by a graded (reflection) quiz. The sharing of experience and answers is an added advantage, so that the learners can learn more things clearly.

Reflection Question: Can you think of advantages of having such a structured group discussion?
My Answer: The structured group discussion is more advantageous one, because the discussion will be held on the actual content and it wont deviate from the given topic.

LeD 1.6: About Course Journal

Course journal is a resource having both process and record. As a process, it forces you the writer to say what you know in a disciplined manner and is a very good exercise in thinking. A course journal may include descriptions about various content, activities that you have come across in this course, but most importantly it also contains learners reflections on the content being discussed and expresses emotions and understanding about them. As a record of your thinking, it provides you with the opportunity to examine the process by which you approach the content and arrive at conclusions or inferences.

Reflection Question: Write one advantage of maintaining a Course Journal.
My Answer: One can not write the course journal without learning the concepts thoroughly. By going through the journals of others, one can learn the topic what the writer had learned with some additional resources. The content can be refreshed by reading the journal once again in future.

LeD 1.7: Your Course Journal

My course journal consists of the points that i had learned from the LeDs and the answers for the reflection questions.

Week 2: Web Presence for Teachers (16:00; March 16, 2018)

2.1 What is the Internet?

Distributed packet-switched network and the internet is not controlled by anyone, but it is controlled by everyone (funny).

Reflection Question: Do you know what Internet is? Do you know how it works?
My Answer: Internet is a open platform that anyone can put something in that and anyone can view that if they are having the proper and valid address for that. Internet is working by by means of transmitting and receiving all data in binary form. 

2.2 How the Internet Works?

The internet is working by transmitting the binary file by using wires, optical cables and radio communications(wireless).

Reflection Question: Do you know how information travels from your computer to other networks?
My Answer: The text, audio, video and everything is converted into a binary files (data packets) and they are transmitted and received from host to server and server to host.

2.3 Some Internet Protocols (14:00; March 17, 2018)

The webpage is loaded by sending get requests to the server. The unsecured protocol is HTTP and secured protocol is HTTPS. The secured protocols are Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS)

Reflection Question: Think of what happens when you write and send an email to your friend. What do you think are the activities/processes taking place from the time you send it to the time you receive a response?
My Answer: Once the mail is sent, the content of mail is converted into an encrypted binary data and it is stored in the mail server, so that the pishers can not read what it is. Then the server reads the address of the receiver and sends the link of the data stored in the server so that the receiver can read it.

LeD 2.1: Tools for Website Creation

Websites can be broadly classified as simple and multi-functional. Simple websites have just a few pages and a very simple menu, it could also have periodic pages which are also known as blogs. Multi-functional websites are pages with much more deeper structured content.

LeD 2.2: Basic Customization in WordPress

Through Dashboard, we can change the appearance of the webpages, we can add widgets, plugins, menus in the webpages.

LeD 2.4: Managing Content in WordPress

A control panel allows you to manage your blogs, media, pages comments and so on and several other site level actions. We can save blogs and pages as drafts, so that it can be edited and published in later.

LeD 2.3: Adding Content in WordPress

WordPress by default provides two simple content types, the blog and the page. Blog is a short form for web-log. Web-log could be a commentary, it could be a collection of pictures or any other review, etc. What distinguishes a blog from a page is that a blog is periodic or occasionally unperiodic. Pages can have other objects in it such as tables, lists, images, attachments, etc

LeD 2.5: Advanced Customization in WordPress

The pages can be provided under a menu or in a sub-menu. Menu leads you from the homepage to different pages in the website. LbD 2.5: A Webpage was created using wordpress.com.

2.4 Multi Functional Websites Using Drupal

Week 3:Creating Your Own Video Resources (14:00: March 22, 2018)

LeD 3.1: Visual Presentation Skills 1

Preparing visual presentations involves three process. Plan –> Execute –> Impress correct. Planning involves techniques like brainstorming, discussions, analyzing and organizing of the content. Execution provides a particular flow of the whole presentation by creating an outline and adding bulleted details and the graphic support. Impress involves like the color schemes, choice of fonts, the effects which are given out while presenting this slides and all of these makes into a visual appeal of that particular presentation.

Reflection Spot Question: What visual parameters will you take care of during your slide design so that your website visitors find it easier to understand?
My Answer: Minimal colors in the presentation, avoid flashy special effects, use key phrases instead of full text.

LeD 3.2: Visual Presentation Skills 2

Use of colour is very important and it communicates conventional meanings at times. If the contrast is more then the readability is also more. Black background for dark room and white background for bright room.

Reflection Spot Question: How many font types, font sizes and colors will you use in the design of your slides?
My Answer: Two font types for heading and content, Two sizes for heading and content and two colors for normal and important points.

Reflection Question: Write down various ways in which you can emphasize a word using the options available in your font or typography.
My Answer: Bold, Italics, Underline, colored text.

Learning Experience Interaction

1. Design the five slides using MS PowerPoint and upload to your WordPress website.
2. List three design consideration you have used in preparing your slides.

The three considerations in preparing the slides:
1. Heading: Helvetica font, font size 40
2. Body: Verdana font, font size 20
3. Emphasis: Red Font color
4. Black text with white background

The link for peer reviewing my Lecture 1 slides –>Lecture 1-RavivarmanS

Creative Commons Licensing

Creative Commons Licensing allows you to share your resources on the Internet publicly under certain conditions.

Icon Right Description
Attribution Attribution (BY) Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform the work and make derivative works and remixes based on it only if they give the author or licensor the credits (attribution) in the manner specified by these.
Share-alike Share-alike (SA) Licensees may distribute derivative works only under a license identical (“not more restrictive”) to the license that governs the original work. Without share-alike, derivative works might be sublicensed with compatible but more restrictive license clauses, e.g. CC BY to CC BY-NC.)
Non-commercial Non-commercial (NC) Licensees may copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works and remixes based on it only for non-commercial purposes.
Non-derivative No Derivative Works (ND) Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform only verbatim copies of the work, not derivative works and remixes based on it.

LeD 3.3: Spoken Tutorial Project

To create the spoken tutorial, the script is written first and the tutorial is rerecorded later. Side-by-Side method is used in simulation based courses.

LeD 3.4: Creating Spoken Tutorials 

Requirements –> Learning activity –> Outline for the whole series of spoken tutorials –> Script
The script has to be written first and pass it through the novice before recording. Then the script undergoes admin check, novice and domain expert check and then the video is recorded and then timed script is created. So timed script is useful to dub the spoken part from one language to another.

Learning Experience Interactions

Resource Creation in various local languages

Use anyone software to create a screencast on “How to create a webpage using WordPress?” with audio narration in your local vernacular language.

The link for my video is https://youtu.be/w_iQSZda4TA

Focus Questions

1. What all guidelines did you follow while creating your own screencast?

Wanted to try Camtasia, Pre-Planned content of the video, Prepared script of the video before proceeding

2. What were the challenges that you faced while creating the screencast?

Handling the recording software which was new to me, Preparing the script in vernacular wordings, Choosing the correct flow of the process being demonstrated, Finding correct video editing tools, Recording the voice (lot of noises, unable to hear while playing back)

Learning Extension Resources (11:00, March 29, 2018)

Multimedia Principles

Multimedia principles help learners to learn better when they are using  different learning materials of your course.

Resource Creation and Peer Review

Peer review is a mechanism that is employed in massive courses to assess huge number of subjective assignments.

LeD 3.5: Peer Review Process: What, Why and How

In education, student peer review in the classroom is a process used by teachers to achieve higher order processes in cognitive and affective domains.

  • Providing clear instructions on what has to be done by the students, during the process of peer review.
  • Explaining in detail the criteria used for reviewing.
  • Provide training to students to do a peer review and asking students to provide detailed comments while reviewing.

Reflection Spot: Peer review gives feedback to the reviewee about the content and it gives knowledge tothe reviewer.

Led 3.6: Example of Peer Review process in IITBombayX

Submission phase –> Allocation phase –> Review phase –> Consolidation phase

Resource Creation Assignment 1

Complete the course journal until week 3 (i.e. from Week1 till Week3) and upload them to your WordPress webpage and share with your peer’s for review.

The link for the Course Journal is FDP101x Course Journal

Week 4:

Week 5: